Rukn al-Dawla

A 10th-century Medallion

Obverse, in field: (in Arabic) “there is no god except God alone, who has no associate. Muhammad is the messenger of God. al-Muti’ li’llah. Rukn al-Dawla Abu ‘Ali Buyeh”; on margins: “In the name of God, this dinar was made in Muhammadiyya [= Rayy] in the year 351 … [possibly: in the year of the hijra of the Prophet], peace be upon him.”

Reverse: (in Middle Persian, Pahlavi script) “May the glory increase (of the) King of Kings”

A 10th-century Coin

Obverse, in field: “no god but God, unique, He has no associate, al-Muti‘ lillah, in the name of God this dinar was struck in Qazwin the year five and thirty and three hundred”; in margin: “the command is God’s, past and future, and on that day the faithful will rejoice in the victory granted by God” (Q30:4).

Reverse, in field: “for God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, Pillar of the State Abu’l-Hasan, Pillar of the State Abu ‘Ali, Buwayh,” in margin: “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” (Q9:33).