Jews under the Almohads
A conversation between Ibn Tumart and the Almoravid Caliph
A 12th-century Coin
Left: Center: in the name of God, the Merciful the COmpassionate, and the praise is unto God alone, there is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, al-Mahdi is the Leader of the Community; Margin: and your God is a single God/there is no God but Him the Merciful the Compassionate/and whatever is pleasant to you comes from God/and my success comes only from God.
Right: Center: al-Qa’im bi amr Allah the Caliph, Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Mu’min son of ‘Ali Commander of the Faithful, Commander of the Faithful Abu Ya’qub Yusuf son of the Commander of the Faithful; Margin: Commander of the Faithful Abu Ya’qub son of the Commander of the Faithful.
…compare to la Giralda in Seville
Another 12th-century Coin
Left: Center: no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God; Margin: in the name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate, blessings be upon Muhammad and his Good and Virtuous Family.
Right: Center: al-Mahdi is the Prince of the Community, the Steadfast in the Command of God; Margin: Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Mu’min ibn ‘Ali Commander of the Faithful, Praise be to God, the Master of the Worlds; in tiny letters at 12:00 and at 6:00: ishbiliyya, “City of Seville”.
A 12th-/13th-century Coin
Left: Center: the spiritual leader of the Christians, the Pope/Alf(onso); Margin: in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, one God, who so believeth in Him and is baptized will be saved.
Right: Center: Prince of the Catholics, Alfonso son of Sancho, May God protect and assist him!; Margin: this dinar was struck in the City of Toledo the year three and twenty and two hundred and one thousand safar (era) .