Tughril Beg

An 11th-Century Coin

Left: Center: no god but God, unique, He has no associate al-Qa‘im bi-amr Allah; Above: bow and arrow tamgha (seal); Margin: in the name of God this dinar was struck in al-Rayy the year forty and four hundred; Outer Margin: the command is God’s, past and future, and on that day the faithful will rejoice in the victory granted by God” [Q30:4-5]
Right: Center: Muhammad is the messenger of God, the Mighty Sultan, King of Kings, Tughril Beg Abu Talib; Above: bow and arrow tamgha; Margin: Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions even though the polytheists may detest it [Q 9:33].