Maps of the Ottoman Empire
A 15th-century Ottoman Chronicle
A 16th-century Coin
Left: “Sultan of the two lands (Europe and Asia) and Lord of the two seas (Black and Mediterranean) the Sultan son of the Sultan”.
Right: “Sultan Murad ibn Selim Khan, may his victory be glorious, struck in Misr the year 982.”
Orhan’s Inscription (1337):
The foremost great emir, the mujahid. Sultan of the ghazis. Ghazi son of ghazi. Champion of the State and Religion and the Horizons. Hero of the age [pahlavan al-zaman], Orhan son of Osman.
Epic description of Orhon’s general:
Edict of the Ottoman Sultan Bayezit II (1484):
Edict of Ottoman Sultan Mehmet (1472):
A Byzantine Chronicle
Blue Mosque (17th cent.)
Aga Sofia = Hagia Sophia (6th cent.)