A 10th-century Jug
Gold jug with poem inscribed in Arabic: “You are the image of the full moon at night, the first gleam of sun on the horizon of the morning. You are a sword in the times of war, a beneficent rain in times of peace . . . your sword cuts the necks of Buyid enemies in great quantities . . . Glory and prosperity to the just king Samsam al-Dawla . . . May God lengthen your reign!”
An 11th-century Poem
This poem was written by Mihyar al-Daylami, a Shi’i poet who was (like the Buyids) from Daylam.
My people made fate their henchmen
and strode across the peaks of epochs.
They swathed their heads with the sun
and built their houses with the stars.
My forebear was Khosrow, of the towering palace–
who among men has a borebear like mine?
The ancient power of royalty is mine,
even above the honor of Islam and of culture.
I drew glory from the best of forebears
and religion from the best of Prophets.
I based my pride on both sides,
the majesty of the Persians and the religion of the Arabs.
source, p. 207.
An 11th-century Coin
Left (arranged in seven loops on the outside of a heptagon): “in the name of God this dirham was struck in Shiraz in the year six and thirty and four hundred.” (arranged segmentally within seven cartouches): “there is no god but God Unique, He has no associate, al-Qa‘im bi-Amr Allah, King of Kings Abu Kalijar” [lla ilah illa / allah wahdahu / la sharik lahu / al-qa‘im bi-amr / allah malik / al-muluk / abu kalijar]
Right: “Muhammad is the Messenger of God, the Great King of Kings, Revivifier of God’s Religion and Defender of God’s Servants and Partner of God’s Vicar” [sad alif / muhammad rasul allah / shahanshah al-mu‘azzam / muhyi din allah / wa ghiyath ‘ubayd allah / wa qasim khalifat allah]; (Margin): Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” (Q9:33).